ABOUT SIVAKASI


               SIVAKASI IS AN ACTIVE TOWN AND A MUNICIPALITY IN VIRUDHUNAGAR DISTRICT IN THE INDIAN STATE OF TAMIL NADU. IT IS THE  CAPITAL OF INDIA’S FIRECRACKER INDUSTRY WITH ABOUT 8,000 FACTORIES, BIG AND SMALL, PRODUCING 90 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL FIREWORKS OUTPUT.LINKED TO GIGANTIC PRINTING PRESSES WITH IN-HOUSE STUDIOS AND ARTISTS, SIVAKASI PRODUCES A KALEIDOSCOPIC RANGE OF COLOURFUL, KITSCH POSTERS AND CALENDAR ART FOR MILLIONS IN INDIA. THE TOWN IS FAMOUS ALL OVER INDIA FOR ITS FIREWORKS FACTORIES. THERE ARE ALMOST 400 MANUFACTURERS BASED IN THIS INDUSTRIAL CITY.

             THE TOWN IS ALSO KNOWN FOR ITS POWERFUL PRINTING INDUSTRY AND MATCH-MAKING INDUSTRIES. IT WAS GIVEN THE NICKNAME "KUTTY JAPAN" ('MINI JAPAN' IN ENGLISH) BY JAWAHARLAL NEHRU WHO IS FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA. NEARBY TOWNS ARE SRIVILLIPUTTUR, SATTUR AND THIRUTHANGAL.

DEMOGRAPHICS

             AS OF 2001 INDIA CENSUS, SIVAKASI HAD A POPULATION OF 72,170. MALES CONSTITUTE 50% OF THE POPULATION AND FEMALES 50%. SIVAKASI HAS AN AVERAGE LITERACY RATE OF 77%, HIGHER THAN THE NATIONAL AVERAGE OF 59.5%: MALE LITERACY IS 82%, AND FEMALE LITERACY IS 72%. IN SIVAKASI, 11% OF THE POPULATION IS UNDER 6 YEARS OF AGE.

HISTORY

            SHIVALINGAM BROUGHT FROM KASI" SIVAKASI HAS A HISTORY OF MORE THAN 600 YEARS. BETWEEN 1428 AND 1460 AD, KING HARIKESARI PARAKKIRAMA PANDIAN, THEN KING OF MADURAI, RULED THE SOUTHERN REGION OF MADURAI. ACCORDING TO HISTORY, HE WANTED TO CONSTRUCT A TEMPLE FOR LORD SHIVA AT TENKASI (SOUTH KASI). THEREFORE HE WENT TO KASI VARANASI AND WORSHIPED LORD SHIVA THERE AND BROUGHT A SHIVALINGAM FROM THERE. WHILE RETURNING TO HIS PALACE WITH THE PRIZED LINGAM, HE TOOK REST UNDER A GROVE OF VILVA TREES, WHICH ARE FAVORED BY SHIVA.THE COW WHICH CARRIED THE SHIVALINGAM REFUSED TO MOVE FROM THAT POINT WHICH PREVENTED THE CARRYING OF THE LINGAM TO TENKASI. THE KING REALIZED THAT THE WISHES OF LORD SHIVA WERE DIFFERENT FROM HIS OWN AND PLACED THE LINGAM IN THE PLACE WHERE THE COW HAD HALTED.THE PLACE WHICH WAS SANCTIFIED BY THE "SHIVALINGAM BROUGHT FROM KASI" HENCEFORTH CAME TO BE CALLED SIVAKASI. AFTER THAT KING BUILT ANOTHER TEMPLE IN TENKASI FOR SIVA.

"KASI VISWANATHA SWAMY" TEMPLE

             LATER ON, KING PANDIA AND KING THIRUMALAI NAICKER CONTRIBUTED TO THE EXPANSION OF THIS TEMPLE AND NAMED IT "KASI VISWANATHA SWAMY" TEMPLE. THE PERIOD OF CONSTRUCTION WAS BETWEEN THE 15TH AND 16TH CENTURIES. AANAIAPPA GNANI RECONSTRUCTED THIS TEMPLE. UNDER THE RULE OF THE NAICKERS, THE TEMPLE WAS DEVELOPED EVEN MORE. IN 1659, THE RATHAM (THE TEMPLE CHARIOT FOR PROCESSIONS DURING FESTIVAL TIMES) WAS CONSTRUCTED BY MUTHU VEERAPPA NAICKER.

PATHIRA KALI AMMAN - A 'KAVAL DEIVAM'

            ITS HOME TO THE TALLEST TOWER EVER BUILT IN TAMIL NADU FOR PATHIRA KALI AMMAN - A 'KAVAL DEIVAM' (PROTECTING GODDESS). THE TEMPLE IS MAINTAINED BY SIVAKASI NADAR DEVASTHANAM COMMITTEE. "KUMBABHISHEKAM" FOR THIS TEMPLE WAS HELD ON 11-06-1987. "KUMBABHISHEKAM" FOR THE "RAJA GOPURAM" (MAIN TOWER) WAS HELD ON 7-7-1995. RAJA GOPURAM HAS THE LENGTH OF 66 FEET (20 M), WIDTH OF 44 FEET (13 M) AND THE HEIGHT OF 110 FEET (34 M) OF 7 STAGES. THE BASE WAS CONSTRUCTED BY STONE, FOR 30 FEET (9 M) WITH 100 SCULPTURES IN 6 YEARS. 80 FEET (24 M) OF 7 STAGES WAS CONSTRUCTED WITH 30 ARCHITECTS WITHIN A PERIOD OF 1½ YEAR. 'POWRNAMI PUJA' IS CELEBRATED GRANDLY ON THE FULL MOON DAY. LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE COME TO WORSHIP THE GODDESS. THERE IS A VERY BEAUTIFUL GARDEN IN THIS TEMPLE, AND IT IMPRESSES THE VISITORS TO A GREATER EXTENT.

PANGUNI PONGAL AND CHITHIRAI PONGAL

         EVERY YEAR PANGUNI PONGAL AND CHITHIRAI PONGAL FESTIVALS ARE CELEBRATED FOR THE DEITY "MARIAMMAN" AND "PATHIRAKALIAMMAN" ON APRIL AND MAY RESPECTIVELY. BOTH THE FESTIVALS LASTS FOR TEN DAYS FROM THE DAY OF FLAG HOISTING IN THE RESPECTIVE TEMPLES.

               IN CHITHIRAI PONGAL 5TH AND 6TH DAY CELEBRATIONS ARE VERY FAMOUS BECAUSE OF ITS "ART DIRECTION" WHICH USUALLY IS A REPLICA OF A TEMPLE'S INTERIOR DECORATION IN FRONT OF SHIVAN TEPMLE IN THE TOWN. ON THAT TIME EXHIBITION WILL ALSO BE ORGANISED BY THE LOCAL "URAVIN MURAI GROUP". 8TH DAY FESTIVAL IS "KAYIRU KUTHU" (PIERCING THREADS AROUND THE HIPS). ON THAT DAY PEOPLE IN THE TOWN USE TO PAINT THEIR FACE AND BODY WITH BLACK AND WHITE DOTS AND GO TO THE RESPECTIVE TEMPLES. 9TH DAY FESTIVAL IS THE THEROTTAM (CAR FESTIVAL). EVERYONE IN THE TOWN GATHER TOGETHER AND PULL THE TWO RATHAS THROUGH ALL THE FOUR RATHA VEEDHIS(STREETS). AND FOR THE FINAL DAY FESTIVAL SWEETS LIKE "KARUPATTI MUTAAI" AND "VELLAI MUTAAI" WILL BE AVAILABLE IN BOX MADE OF DRY PALM LEAVES.

GEOGRAPHY

               SIVAKASI IS LOCATED AT 9.45°N 77.82°E. IT HAS AN AVERAGE ELEVATION OF 101 METRES (331 FEET). SIVAKASI EXPERIENCES DRY AND PRETTY HOT WEATHER THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. THE TOWN GETS SCANTY RAINFALL DURING THE MONSOON.

INDUSTRY

             SIVAKASI'S INDUSTRIES GREW OUT OF THE ECONOMIC STRUGGLES OF INDIA IN THE 1960S. WITHOUT GOVERNMENT AID, THE LOCAL PEOPLE CONSTRUCTED MATCHES, FIREWORKS, AND PRINTING INDUSTRIES, WHICH TODAY CONTRIBUTE 80% OF INDIA'S TOTAL SAFETY MATCHES PRODUCTION, 90% OF INDIA'S TOTAL FIREWORKS PRODUCTION, AND 60% OF INDIA'S TOTAL OFFSET PRINTING SOLUTIONS. IT IS ONE OF THE HIGHEST SALES/EXCISE/CUSTOMS DUTY PAYING TOWNS, AND HAS ACHIEVED 100% EMPLOYMENT.CHILD LABOUR WAS ONCE HIGH DURING THE 80'S, BUT NOW IT'S COMPLETELY ERADICATED.                      

                           SIVAKASI MAY BE CALLED AS "A TOWN OF THREE INDUSTRIES", NAMELY 
                               1.PRINTING / OFFSET PRINTING PRESS
                               2.PYROTECHNICS (FIREWORKS) & CRACKERS
                               3.SAFETY MATCHES & COLOUR MATCHES

             SIVAKASI TOWN HAS AN ASTOUNDING NUMBER OF OFFSET PRINTING MACHINES - THE SECOND LARGEST NUMBER IN THE WORLD, NEXT ONLY TO GUTENBERG, A CITY IN GERMANY. SHRI K. S. A. ARUNAGIRI NADAR WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR BRINGING PRINTING IN THIS TOWN, AND HENCE BECAME KNOWN AS "THE FOUNDER OF PRINTING" IN SIVAKASI.  

             AYYA NADAR AND HIS BROTHER SHANMUGA NADAR FOUNDED THE MATCH INDUSTRY AND SEVERAL COLLEGES. OF NOTABLE IMPORTANCE ARE SRINIVAS FINE ARTS - THE DESIGNERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF NIGHTINGALE STATIONERIES AND THILAKARAJ TEXTILES, FOUNDED IN 1969, A LEADING REPUTED TEXTILE SHOWROOM.  

CULTURE

              THE TOWN'S POPULATION IS PREDOMINANTLY HINDU, ALTHOUGH THERE ARE MANY MUSLIM SCHOOLS AND A FEW CHURCHES. THE ANNUAL THIRUVIZHA(DURING APRIL AND MAY) FESTIVALS FOR MARIAMMAN AND PATRAKALIAMMAN TEMPLES ARE VERY POPULAR AMONG THE PEOPLE. ANNUAL EXHIBITION IS ORGANISED BY NADAR URAVINMURAI COMMITTEE IN SHNV SCHOOL ATTRACTS LOT OF CROWD WITH ENTHUSIASM TO WITNESS CULTURAL EVENTS. SIVAKASI HAS AN ACTIVE LION'S CLUBS, ROTARY CLUBS AND THE INNER WHEEL CLUBS FOR ENTERPRISING WOMEN.  

              THE 'TRADITIONAL NANDAVANAM' MAINTAINED WITHIN THE PATHIRAKALIAMMAN TEMPLE COMPLEX IS VERY TRADITIONAL AND MAINTAINING ITS OLD TRADITION TILL TODAY. LOT OF PEACOCKS AND PEAHEN PERSIST IN THE GARDEN WITHOUT ANY INDUSTRIOUS INVOLVEMENT WILL MOVE YOUR TIME MACHINE BACK TO THE OLDEN DAYS.  

SIVAKASI CUISINE

              A NOTABLE SIVAKASI DISH IS PAROTA, SERVED WITH A SPECIAL GRAVY. SIVAKASI IS FAMOUS FOR ITS PAKODA. MILK RICE (PAAL SADHAM) FREQUENTLY ACCOMPANIES PAKODA, AND IS SERVED AT WEDDINGS ALSO. DURING FESTIVAL SEASONS, SWEETS LIKE KARUPATTI MITTAI (MADE WITH RICE FLOUR AND PALM JAGGERY) AND VELLAI MITTAI (MADE WITH RICE FLOUR AND SUGAR) ARE SOLD IN SWEET SHOPS IN THE TOWN.  

              IDLI WITH KOTHUKARI (A KHURMA WITH MINCED MEAT AND SPICES) IS A POPULAR BREAKFAST ITEM. BOLI, A KIND OF SWEET PANCAKE MADE OF MAIDA FLOUR, JAGGERY, AND BENGAL GRAM, ARE SOLD IN ROADSIDE SHOPS.

                FOR THE"KARTHIGAI FESTIVAL", PEOPLE OF SIVAKASI PREPARE LADDU WITH GROUNDNUT AND JAGGERY.

TRANSPORTATION

              SIVAKASI IS SERVED BY TOWN BUS SERVICE, WHICH PROVIDE CONNECTIVITY WITHIN THE TOWN, SUBURBS AND PLACES 20 KM IN THE RADIUS OF SIVAKASI. THERE ARE EVEN PRIVATE OPERATED MINI-BUS SERVICES THAT CONNECTS ALMOST EVERY STREET IN AND AROUND SIVAKASI TOWN.

BY ROAD

           THE GOVERNMENT TRANSPORT OPERATES AIR-CONDITIONED AC BUSES EVERYDAY TO CHENNAI. AND THE TOWN IS WELL CONNECTED WITH MAJOR CITIES LIKE COIMBATORE, MADURAI, TUTICORIN, BANGALORE. THERE ARE ALSO PRIVATE BUS SERVICES OPERATED ON DAILY BASIS TO ALL MAJOR CITIES.

BY TRAIN

              THE PODHIGAI EXPRESS (2662) THAT TRAVELS FROM SENGOTTAI TO CHENNAI EGMORE HALTS EVERYDAY AT 20.53 IN SIVAKASI (SVKS) AND IT REACHES CHENNAI AT 07.05. THE SAME TRAIN (2661) LEAVES FROM CHENNAI EVERYDAY AT 20.50 AND HALTS EVERYDAY AT 06.24 IN SIVAKASI. DUE TO HEAVY DEMAND IN THE ROUTE THE SOUTHERN RAILWAYS ANNOUNCED A SPECIAL TRAIN (0609 & 0610) SENGOTTAI EXPRESS THAT RUNS ON EVERY SATURDAY AND SUNDAYS RESPECTIVELY.THERE IS ALSO A PASSENGER TRAIN RUNNING TO MADURAI VIA VIRUDHUNAGAR, TIRUMANGALAM AT 08.53, 14.02 AND 18.00 WHICH CONNECTS TO SENGOTTAI VIA TENKASI, SRIVILLIPUTHUR, RAJAPALAYAM, SANKARANKOIL AT 07.00, 11.25 AND 17.30 DAILY.

BY AIR

             THE NEAREST AIRPORT IS IN MADURAI AND TUTICORIN. ONE CAN EASILY TAKE A BUS TO MADURAI AND GET A FLIGHT FROM THERE TO CONNECT TO OTHER PARTS OF THE STATE.

TOURIST PLACE AROUND SIVAKASI 
MADURAI MEENAKSHI TEMPLE

KANYAKUMARI
 KUTRALLAM

EDUCATION

             SIVAKASI HAS VERY GOOD EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS BOTH FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION AS WELL AS PROFESSIONAL STUDIES. IT HAS MANY SCHOOLS, AND COLLEGES MOST OF WHICH ARE OWNED AND RUN BY PRIVATE AND SOME ARE GOVERNMENT AIDED INSTITUTIONS. EVERY INSTITUTIONS HERE IN SIVAKASI STRIDE FOR DISCIPLINE AND INTEGRITY OF STUDENTS.ASPIRING PEOPLE GAVE MUCH IMPORTANCE TO STUDIES SO THEY START MANY SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES IN AND AROUND SIVAKASI - ALL COMMUNITY PEOPLE ARE EDUCATED IN HERE WITHOUT ANY PARTIALITY.

ENGINEERING COLLEGE
MEPCO SCHLENK ENGINEERING COLLEGE
P.S.R. RENGASAMY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
SRI VIDHYA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

ARTS AND SCIENCE COLLEGES
AYYA NADAR JANAKI AMMAL COLLEGE
STANDARD FIREWORKS RAJARATNAM COLLEGE FOR WOMEN
SRI KALISWARI COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
SANKARALINGAM BHUVANESWARI PHARMACY COLLEGE

POLYTECHNICS AND ITI
ARASAN GANESAN POLYTECHNIC
P.S.R. POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE
AYYA NADAR JANAKI AMMAL POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE
SIVAKASI INSTITUTE OF PRINTING TECHNOLOGY
RAMALAKSHMI INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE
PADMANABA INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE
PABANAS INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE


SCHOOLS
ANNAMALAI NADAR UNNAMALAI AMMAL HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SIVAKASI HINDU NADAR VICTORIA HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SIVAKASI HINDU NADAR VICTORIA MATRICULATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
YENNARKAY RAVINDRAN THILAGAVATHY VIDHYASALA YRTV
LIONS MATRICULATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
VSK DURAISAMY NADAR MATRICULATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SRI METHA JAIN PUBLIC SCHOOL
JAYCEES MATRICULATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
KAMARAJAR MATRICULATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SRI VINAYAGAR MATRICULATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SIVAKASI MUSLIM HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SIVAKASI MUSLIM ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
CMS GIRLS HIGH SCHOOL, SATCHIYAPURAM
C.S.I SCHOOL FOR MENTALLY RETARDED, SATCHIYAPURAM
MUNICIPAL HIGH SCHOOL
SRUTHI VIDHYODHAYA
RAGLAND MATRICULATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SEVENTH DAY ADVENTIST MATRICULATION SCHOOL
CORONATION GIRLS HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
SIVAKASI HINDU NADAR GIRLS HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
A.V.M.MARIMUTHU NADAR HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL, VILAMPATTI
AMMAN KOVIL PATTI GOVT HIGH SCHOOL

HOLY PLACES IN SIVAKASI
SRI ANANDHA UDHANDA MADASWAMY KOVIL
SWAMY KASI VISWANATHA THIRU KOVIL (SIVAN KOVIL)
MURUGAN KOVIL
PATHIRA KALI AMMAN THIRU KOVIL
MAARI AMMAN THIRU KOVIL
SAKKAMMAL THIRU KOVIL
KADAI KOVIL
KAMATCHI AMMAN KOVIL
KACHAKARA AMMAN KOVIL
PERUMAL KOVIL
AYYAPPA SWAMY THIRU KOVIL
KARRUPA SWAMY KOVIL
UMAMAHESHWARI AMMAN THIRU KOVIL
2 CHURCHES AND
6 MOSQUES, 5 DARGAS
SIVAKASI CHURCH OF GOD, CHURCH
SIVAKASI EAST GETHSAMNE PRAYER HOUSE
CARMEL PRAYER FELLOWSHIP CHURCH, SIVAKASI
MISPAH PRAYER HOUSE, PALLAPATTI

IN SIVAKASI LOT OF CLUBS AND COMMUNITY ORIENTED AND NON COMMUNITY ORIENTED ORGANIZATIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS ARE HERE.
CLUB
LIONS CLUB
ROTARY CLUB
Y'S MEN CLUB
ARTS CLUB
MAJESTIC CLUB
KUTTYJAPAN JAYCEES CLUB
LEO CLUB
LIONESS CLUB
ROTRACT CLUB
ROUND TABLE CLUB
INNER WHEEL CLUB
EXNORA CLUB
JAYCEES CLUB
 
ASSOCIATION
CHAMBER OF TRADE ASSOCIATION.
FIRE WORKS AND AMERCES MANUFACTURES ASSOCIATION.
HINDU NADAR ASSOCIATION.
MASTER PRINTERS ASSOCIATION.
PAPER MERCHANT ASSOCIATION.
MATCH INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION
TAX PAYER'S ASSOCIATION
TAMILNADU FIRE WORKS AND AMORCESS MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION

HOTELS & LODGING
NADAR LODGE
BALA KRISHNA LODGE
THAI LODGE
ARUN LODGE
SAPNA LODGE
SANGEETHA LODGE
PANDIYAN LODGE
PALANIAPPA MANSION
BELL HOTELS & LODGING
DOSA CORNER
KARPAGAM HOTEL
KALI DAS MESS
VIJAYAM MESS
HOTEL PALSON
HOTEL MURUGESH
HOTEL ARUNA & VASANTH
HOTEL CHIDAMBARAM

BANKS
ALLAHABAD BANK,BANK OF INDIA,BANK OF MADURA,BANK OF BARODA ,BHARAT OVERSEAS BANK,CANARA BANK ,CATHOLIC SYRIAN BANK ,CENTRAL BANK OF INDIA ,INDIAN BANK ,INDIAN OVERSEAS BANK ,KAMARAJAR DISTRICT CENTRAL CO-OPERATIVE BANK ,LAKSHMI VILAS BANK ,PANDIAN GRAMA BANK , SIVAKASI CO-OPERATIVE URBAN BANK ,SIVAKASI CO-OPERATIVE LAND BANK ,STATE BANK OF INDIA ,STATE BANK OF INDIA (TOWN BRANCH) ,STATE BANK OF TRAVANCORE,TAMILNAD MERCANTILE BANK ,UCO BANK,UNION BANK OF INDIA.

THEATRES
PALANIANDAVAR THEATRE ,BIG CINEMAS GANESH - BAL GANESH,THANGAMANI THEATRE ,LAKSHAM THEATRE ,MURUGAN THEATRE,RASI THEATRE.

HOSPITALS
SRI SUBA EYE HOSPITAL,ROYAL PRIYA HOSPITAL ,GIRI HOSPITAL,CHANDRA GRAHAM M.B.B.S., RAJESH CLINIC ,NATARAJ CLINIC, NATARAJ CLINIC LABORATORY,RAJAN CLINIC,SREEDHAR NURSING HOME,GRAHAM CLINIC ,SIVAM CHILDREN HOSPITAL,MALATHI NURSING HOME,NIRMALA CLINIC, ARUNA CHILDREN HOSPITAL,AARTHY HOSPITAL ,E.S.I HOSPITAL (TOWN),E.S.I. HOSPITAL (T.T.L),E.S.I. HOSPITAL( RESERVE LINE),GOVT. GENERAL HOSPITAL ,MATHI CLINIC ,S.M.S. CHILDREN HOSPITAL ,SASSEY CHILDREN HOSPITAL,SRI SUBA EYE HOSPITAL,SUGAM PHYSIOTHERAPY,VENUS PHYSIOTHERAPY CENTRE ,SHIVA CLINIC
.